Understanding Attunement in Relationships
Understanding Attunement: Building Deeper Connections in Relationships
John Gottman, a renowned relationship expert and psychologist, has spent years researching and identifying the components of successful and healthy relationships. Among the many concepts he has introduced, one that stands out prominently is “attunement.” At its core, attunement is about being truly present, emotionally and mentally, for your partner. But what does this look like in practice, and how can couples cultivate it?
What is Attunement?
In the context of relationships, attunement is the capacity to be in harmony with your partner’s feelings. It’s the ability to understand, connect with, and respond to their emotions in a manner that makes them feel truly heard and valued.
Gottman encapsulates attunement with the acronym ATTUNE, which stands for:
- Awareness of your partner’s emotion
- Turning towards the emotion rather than away
- Tolerance of two different viewpoints
- Trying to Understand your partner
- Non-defensively responding
Cultivating Attunement: Practical Tips for Couples
Active Listening: This means giving your full attention when your partner speaks. It’s not just about hearing the words but understanding the emotions and feelings behind them. For instance, if your partner expresses frustration about work, instead of immediately offering solutions, you might say, “It sounds like you had a really challenging day. Want to talk more about it?”
Express Curiosity: Ask open-ended questions. Instead of asking, “Did you have a good day?”, try, “What was the most interesting part of your day?” This allows your partner to delve deeper into their experiences and feelings.
Validate Emotions: Recognize and validate your partner’s feelings. Even if you don’t agree, it’s essential to understand that their emotions are valid. For instance, “I can see why you’d feel hurt by that” is a simple way to show empathy.
Avoiding Defensiveness: When faced with criticism or feedback, instead of becoming defensive or shutting down, try to understand where your partner is coming from. Responding with, “I understand why you’d feel that way,” can pave the way for more constructive discussions.
Spend Quality Time Together: Being attuned isn’t just about deep conversations. Even activities like cooking together, taking a walk, or just sharing quiet moments can foster connection. It’s about being present with each other, in both big and small moments.
Seek Understanding in Conflicts: Instead of aiming to ‘win’ arguments, strive for understanding. When disagreements arise, try to see things from your partner’s perspective. Remember, it’s not you vs. your partner; it’s both of you vs. the problem.
Practice Emotional Check-Ins: Dedicate time regularly to check in on each other’s emotional well-being. It can be as simple as asking, “How are you feeling today, truly?”
In conclusion, attunement is about building a bridge of understanding and connection with your partner. It’s about being fully present, both emotionally and mentally. By practicing attunement, couples can foster deeper emotional connections, navigate conflicts healthily, and cultivate a relationship built on mutual understanding and respect.
Remember, like any skill, attunement takes practice. However, the effort invested in fostering this connection can lead to a more fulfilling and lasting relationship.